ROCC has been adapted from the intellectual work of:

  • Mark Friedman: “Results Accountability, a disciplined way of thinking and taking action that can be used to improve the quality of life in communities, cities, counties, states and nations…and improve the performance of programs, agencies and service systems.” For more information see and and Trying Hard Is Not Good Enough: How to Produce Measurable Improvements for Customers and Communities, Trafford Publishing (888.232.4444), 2005
  • Judy Chynoweth, formerly Executive Director of The Foundation Consortium, who drew from Friedman’s results accountability framework, to create a set of principles for Results Oriented Community Change.
  • Sam Kaner and Susan Lubeck of Community at Work, a consulting firm that has developed a systematic approach to helping groups work together to make change. This approach involves key concepts such as an “enabling framework™ ,” “decision procedures,” and “milestone map™ .” For more information see

ROCC would not have been demonstrated without the leadership and effort of:

  • Amelia Adams, Director Cuff Center, Southeast Stockton
  • Tom Amato, People and Congregations Together
  • Stewart Wakeling, (at the time) Director, Community Partnership for Families of San Joaquin